By Tracie Korol
To our dogs, food is love — and security, affirmation, and reinforcement. When we give our dogs what I call “high-value” treats — foods that are especially sweet, meaty, and yummy-smelly — the message we want to deliver transports to them through the treat especially loud and clear. From a trainer’s viewpoint I am ever appreciative of the ability of yummies to “classically condition” a dog to tolerate, and then even enjoy, circumstances that he previously found unsettling, frightening or threatening. It’s good to reward our dogs for a job well done. Plus it’s fun for us to feed our dog friends something they’re crazy about.
The down side is that treats are probably the most likely of all dog-related items that we buy impulsively because the labels are so cute and the names are so clever. We don’t even think to glance at the ingredients. I would hope by now, faithful readers, that you routinely flip over the dog food bags to read the ingredient list, ever searching for the very best product. It would be counter-productive to spend time and energy finding (or making) the best healthy food for your dog if you’re going to trash your own efforts at health building with low-quality, additive-filled junk food treats. Read the label.
Your mission, should you choose to accept it, is to find treats for your best friend that do not contain stuff that is not good for him such as artificial colors, flavors, and preservatives. Your other mission is to also avoid treats that are bad for the planet in general. Recently, it has come to light that meat from North Atlantic fin whales is being sold by Iceland to Japan to be used in pet treats. The Environmental Investigation Agency is accusing the country’s government of breaching a global moratorium on whale hunting, calling the inclusion of the whale species in specialty dog foods in Japan “grotesque.”
Healthy treats do not contain:
Artificial colors: Dogs are somewhat aesthetically challenged: they don’t care whether their food is brown or blue. Artificial colors are absolutely unnecessary.
Artificial or low-quality palatability enhancers: Avoid treats that use salt as a flavor-enhancer as well as treats that contain corn syrup, sucrose or ammoniated glycyrrhizin (a licorice derivative) and artificial flavorings like barbecue or smoke flavor. Dogs are not as swayed as we are by the mysteries of barbecue and hickory.
Chemical preservatives: BHA, BHT and ethoxyquin, potassium sorbate, sodium nitrate and calcium propionate are chemical antioxidants added to foods to extend shelf life and reduce fat spoilage. These chemicals are responsible for the “natural bacon-y” texture of some doggy treats and the reason why, if you left a bacon-treat on the dashboard of your car it would still be “bacon-y” pliable a year later. BHA and BHT are also used to preserve carpet.
The FDA (U.S Food and Drug Administration) regulates ethoxyquin as a pesticide and prohibits its use in human foods. However, it continues to be used in pet foods. Propylene glycol is such a uniquely nasty chemical preservative that it requires it’s own call-out. It is used in pet snacks (and some human foods) to keep them moist and chewy, and to prevent discoloration in preserved meats. It’s also used as the main ingredient in deodorant sticks, tattoo ink, and is used in newer automotive antifreezes and de-icers used at airports. An interesting use for this chemical is to create artificial smoke for theatrical productions and training exercises for firefighters.
Healthy treats contain:
Whole-food ingredients: This means whole grains rather than grain “fractions” — wheat rather than wheat flour, wheat bran or wheat starch. Look for whole, named meats or meat meals — chicken, chicken meal — rather than by-products, unnamed sources (“animal” protein) or fragments. By-products and fragments of what animal would be my first question.
Natural preservatives: Vitamins C and E (the latter is often listed as “mixed tocopherols”) are effective and safe preservatives. Some treats contain no preservatives at all.
Natural sweeteners: Applesauce, molasses or honeys are better than artificial sweeteners, by far. While dog food should not contain added sweeteners, a treat should still be a treat.
A treat for your dog should be a treat from all angles. Tasty, occasional, a little out of the ordinary and fun. Try this — next time you eat a carton of yogurt, let your dog lick out the container. That’s a real treat!